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Integrated Pest Management Approach

As the company name implies Integrated Pest Management uses the principles of harnessing the four methods of pest control into one coherent system designed to achieve maximum results that last.

IPM approaches pest control by underrunning the ecology of the pest firstly, predominantly on the dynamics which favour its development. Draws on its ability to implement a non chemicals solution which would improve long term sustainability of a pest free environment. Lastly implement a sensible and sensitive chemical control program.

System Overview

Physical methods – Physical methods of pest control are one of the oldest and commonly used by most people. Good examples are flyscreens used commonly by household owners. The same principal is applied by pest control operator s when trying to eliminate specific pests such as birds, rodents, possums from buildings. Although this particular method is not as common it is very effective in certain situations. Perhaps one of the oldest and still widely used physical pest control methods is the old fly swatter.

Cultural Method – Cultural methods of pest control have evolved over time and have significantly improved our coexistence with common pests. Largely this is due to the level of hygiene and sanitation that every household upkeeps in today’s society. Cultural method of pest control is usually not the solution to eliminate a problem however it is used to minimise and maintain a relatively low pest free environment. For example cockroaches maybe controlled to some extent by being denied access to food by immediately cleaning of food preparation areas. A great portion of dust that is accumulated around houses, skirting lines or under beds is to a significant degree human skin sheddings. An organic material that is used by many organisms and pests as a food source.

Another great example of pest prevention through a cultural method is the way which modern domestic construction has evolved. Most houses today account for subfloor ventilation which reduces moisture and dampness, reducing the attractiveness as shelter for termites and many other pests. Modern kitchens have large clean flat surfaces for food preparation which are easy to clean with minimal crack and crevices that would otherwise harbour cockroaches.

Biological Control – The use of the introduction of a parasite or predator to eliminate a specific pest is a control method know as biological control. Often used on a wider scale by larger organisations of governments. This methods can be very cost effective to the scales involved. A good example is the control of a specific cactus “the prickly pear’ that infested a large amount of cattle and sheep land throughout QLD and NSW. After the introduction of a moth from South America Cactoblastis Cactorium, larvae hatched from eggs laid in the cactus fed on the plant so voraciously that within the next ten years the problem was resolved.

Chemical Control – As the name implies this is probably the most common and of eliminating insects and pests in the short run. The use of chemicals falls into two broad categories. They are Synthetic Biologically Important Substances which are used to impair normal development so that the insect dies or becomes sterile. Such compounds are referred to as Insect Growth Regulations (IGR’s). The second form is the use of pesticides. Pesticides are substances which kill organisms by exerting a toxic (poisonous) effect which interferes with certain normal life sustaining processes. Today they are many types of pesticides, they can application can be summarised in five ways:

1. High volume saturation, so as to contaminate the soil and form an effective barrier to termites for several years.

2. Lower volume spraying on surface, so as to leave a thin layer of pesticide that can be picked up by crawling insects. These chemicals have varying half lives and can remain active for days, weeks or months depending on intended purpose.

3. Very low volume treatments, space spray commonly know as aerosols. Often may facilitate flushing out or quick knockdown of insects.

4. Dust formulations, are used in areas where wet sprays are not acceptable due to safety reasons. Around electrical appliances or motors.

5. A variety of other types of formulations are used with different application such as baits.