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The activity of bed bugs within households can usually be detected by the irritation caused to sleepers. Bed buys disperse largely by being carried by humans in furniture, luggage clothes etc. Well established infestations are usually associated with poor housekeeping and low standards of hygiene. Even though their mobility is restricted to crawling within buildings they may adjacent rooms or apartments. When the bed bug bites its victim saliva with anticoagulant properties is injected. The bugs have a tenancy to ‘test bite’ which often results in a line of bites. For some people the bite is painless and there are no allergic reactions. However many people react with local swelling of the site of the bite followed by mild to severe irritation.

How do you know if you have bed bugs?

The most common way to detected bed bugs activity include: Live bugs hiding in cracks and crevices in furniture, behind skirting and architraves, among books, behind wallpaper, in bedding especially under mattress buttons. Eggs cemented to similar surfaces, hatched or unhatched. Cast skins, small dark brown marks on sheets. In cases of heavy infestation a sticky sweet 'buggy odour'. This odour is caused nu body secretions, but it's often masked by other odours associated with unclean premises.

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Information Source:
Gerozisis, John, and Phillip Hadlington. Urban Pest Management in Australia. Sydney: UNSW Press, 2001. N. pag. Print.